Tupolev

tupolev logo

  • Tip: Division
  • Kuruluş: 22 Ekim 1922
  • Kurucu: Andrei Tupolev
  • Önemli Kişiler: Nikolai Savitskikh, Alexei Tupolev
  • Konum: Moskova, Rusya
  • Ürün: Ticari ve askeri uçak
  • Kaynak: United Aircraft Corporation
  • Ana sayfa: Tupolev.ru

Tupolev (Rusça: Туполев), Sovyetler Birliği döneminde kurulan askeri havacılık ve savunma şirketi.

Şirketin merkezi Moskova’da olup 80. yılını 22 Ekim 2002’de kutlamıştır. ucaklar.org – Rus hükümeti Tupolev’i Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Sukhoi ve Yakovlev firmaları ile birleştirerek Rusya Birleşik Uçak Şirketi adını vermeyi planlamaktadır.

Rus uçak üreticisi olan Tupolev tarafından üretilen uçakların bir listesi:

Tupolev Uçakları

Tupolev İlk Üretim Uçaklar

  • ANT-1: The first aircraft by A.N.T. and the first Soviet-built aircraft. Mixed materials design. The work started in 1921. Assembly began in 1922. The tests were cancelled due to engine malfunction.
  • ANT-2: Two passenger aircraft. The first Soviet all-metal aircraft, 1924.
  • ANT-3/R-3/PS-3: All-metal two-seats recce biplane, 1925. About 100 were built.
  • ANT-4/TB-1: All-metal twin-engined (M-17B) monoplane heavy bomber, 1925. There were 212 aircraft built. There was a G-1 cargo version.
  • ANT-5/I-4: Prototype of I-4 fighter. The first aircraft designed by Pavel Sukhoi, 1927. 369 were built. I-4 was in service in 1928–1933.
  • ANT-6/TB-3: Four-engine development of TB-1, 1930. There was a G-2 cargo version.
  • ANT-7/R-6/KR-6/MR-6: Development of TB-1 as reconnaissance (R-6), “cruiser” (escort fighter, KR-6), and maritime patrol/torpedo bomber (MR-6), 1931.
  • ANT-8/MDR-2: Maritime long-range recce flying boat, 1931.
  • ANT-9/PS-9: Three-engined passenger airliner, 1929.
  • ANT-10/R-7: Reconnaissance/light bomber aircraft prototype, 1930.
  • ANT-11/MTBT: Twin-hulled flying boat project, 1929.
  • ANT-12/I-5: Biplane fighter prototype, 1930. Later built as Polikarpov I-5.
  • ANT-13/I-8: Fighter/interceptor prototype, developed from ANT-12, 1930.
  • ANT-14 Pravda: Large five-engined propaganda monoplane developed from the ANT-9, 1931.
  • ANT-15/DI/3: Two-seat fighter project, 1930.
  • ANT-16/TB-4: Six-engine version of TB-3, predecessor of ANT-20, 1933.
  • ANT-17/TShB: Prototype ground attack aircraft, 1930.
  • ANT-18/TSh-2: Twin-engine biplane ground attack aircraft, development of ANT-7, 1930.
  • ANT-19: Projected airliner based on the TB-1, 1929.
  • ANT-20 Maxim Gorky: Eight-engine huge cargo/propaganda aircraft, 1934.
  • ANT-21/MI-3: Multiseat fighter. Development of R-6, 1933.
  • ANT-22/MK-1: Armoured six-engine recce flying boat prototype, development of ANT-11, 1934.
  • ANT-23/I-12: Experimental twin-engined fighter equipped with two recoilless 75mm cannons, 1931.
  • ANT-24/TB-4: Four-engined heavy bomber prototype developed from ANT-16, precursor of ANT-26, 1931.
  • ANT-25: Single-engine monoplane long-range bomber. Designed by Pavel Sukhoi. ANT-25RD (RD for “Rekord Dalnosty”, i.e. “Range Record”) was used in a record flight from Moscow to San Jacinto, California, USA over the North Pole—10,148 km, 1933 (one was built in 1989).
  • ANT-26/TB-6: 12-engined heavy-bomber aircraft project, 1932.
  • ANT-27/MDR-4/MTB-1: Patrol flying-boat for the Soviet Navy, 1934.
  • ANT-28: Cargo version of TB-6.
  • ANT-29/DIP-1: Twin-engined fighter. Development of ANT-21, 1935.
  • ANT-29 (II): Passenger version of MTB-1.
  • ANT-30/SK-1: Twin-engine escort fighter/high-speed bomber aircraft, developed from the R-6 and MI-3, 1933.
  • ANT-31/I-14: All metal monoplane fighter, 1933.
  • ANT-32/I-13: Single-seat fighter project, 1934.
  • ANT-33: High-wing airliner project, 1932.
  • ANT-34/MI-4: Multi-seat fighter project.
  • ANT-35/PS-35: Twin-engined passenger airliner developed from the SB, 1936.
  • ANT-36/DB-1: Long-range bomber developed from the ANT-25, 1936.
  • ANT-37/DB-2: Long-range bomber based on the DB-1, 1935.
  • ANT-38/VSB-1: High-altitude high-speed bomber project, prototype of SB.
  • ANT-39: Prototype for SB.
  • ANT-40/SB/PS-40/PS-41: Medium bomber, also erroneously known as SB-2, 1934.
  • ANT-41/T-1/LK-1: Twin-engine high speed multirole aircraft, 1934.
  • ANT-42/TB-7: Four-engined heavy bomber prototype, 1936. Later built as Petlyakov Pe-8.
  • ANT-43: Seven-seat army liaison aircraft/airliner project, 1936.
  • ANT-44/MTB-2 Chaika: Heavy-bomber flying-boat, 1937.
  • ANT-45/DIP: Two-seat cannon armed fighter project, 1936.
  • ANT-46/DI-8: Three-seat fighter prototype, developed from the SB, 1935.
  • ANT-47/I-20: Fighter project.
  • ANT-48/SS: High speed sport aircraft project developed from the SB, 1935.
  • ANT-49: Reconnaissance aircraft project, developed from the SB.
  • ANT-50: Proposed twin-engined high-speed airliner developed from the ANT-43, 1937.
  • ANT-51: Short-range bomber prototype, 1937. Later built as Sukhoi Su-2.
  • ANT-52:
  • ANT-53: Proposed four-engined airliner based on the TB-7, 1936. The design was similar to the Boeing 307.
  • ANT-54:
  • ANT-55:
  • ANT-56/SRB: High-speed reconnaissance/bomber project.
  • ANT-57/PB: High-altitude heavy dive bomber project, 1939.
  • ANT-58: First prototype of the Tu-2, 1941.
  • ANT-59: Second prototype of the Tu-2, 1941.
  • ANT-60: Third prototype of the Tu-2.
  • ANT-64 (also known as Tu-10): Long-range four-engine bomber project, prototype of Tu-4.
  • ANT-66: Airliner variant of ANT-64.
  • Tu-2 “Bat”: 3-seat medium bomber, 1941.
  • Tu-4 “Bull”: copied from several seized Boeing B-29 Superfortress. Initial name is B-4 (A.N.T. did not want to give his name to an aircraft designed outside his bureau), 1947.


Tupolev Prototip Uçaklar

  • Tu-1 (ANT-63P): prototype night-fighter variant of the Tu-2, 1946
  • Tu-6: prototype reconnaissance variant of the Tu-2, 1946
  • Tu-8 (ANT-69): prototype long-range bomber variant of the Tu-2, 1947
  • Tu-10 “Frosty” (ANT-68): prototype high-speed bomber, developed from the Tu-2, 1943
  • Tu-12 (also known as Tu-77): medium jet bomber prototype, developed from the Tu-2, 1947
  • Tu-18 (also known as Tu-72): jet-powered version of the Tu-8, 1947
  • Tu-20 (also known as Tu-73): jet-powered short-range bomber project, 1947
  • Tu-20 (II) twin-engined turboprop business aircraft
  • Tu-22: high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Tu-2, 1947
  • Tu-24: high-altitude bomber project developed from the Tu-2, 1946
  • Tu-26: original designation of Tu-22M
  • Tu-28 (also known as Tu-76): bomber project, 1947
  • Tu-30: four-engined bomber project, 1947
  • Tu-54: prototype agricultural aircraft, 1992
  • Tu-64: light multipurpose aircraft project
  • Tu-70 “Cart”: prototype airliner variant of the Tu-4, 1946
  • Tu-71: prototype short-range bomber developed from the Tu-2, 1946
  • Tu-72: medium bomber project, 1940s
  • Tu-73: three-engined development of the Tu-18, 1947
  • Tu-74 (also known as Tu-73R): proposed high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Tu-73
  • Tu-75: prototype cargo/transport variant of the Tu-4, 1950
  • Tu-76 (I): radial/jet engined torpedo bomber project developed from the Tu-74, 1946
  • Tu-76 (II): twin-engined medium bomber project, 1947
  • Tu-76 (III) (also known as Tu-4D): military transport variant of the Tu-4
  • Tu-78: reconnaissance version of Tu-73, 1948
  • Tu-79 (I): as Tu-4 but powered by M-49TK engines
  • Tu-79 (II): as Tu-78 but powered by Soviet engines, 1949; previously known as Tu-73R
  • Tu-80: prototype long-range bomber variant of the Tu-4, predecessor of Tu-85, 1949
  • Tu-81 (I): twin-engined medium bomber project developed from the Tu-73, 1949
  • Tu-81 (II): initial prototype of the Tu-14
  • Tu-82 “Butcher” (also known as Tu-22): experimental swept-wing jet bomber, 1949
  • Tu-83: bomber project developed from the Tu-82, 1949
  • Tu-84: prototype reconnaissance aircraft, 1948
  • Tu-85 “Barge”: prototype long-range heavy bomber variant of the Tu-4, 1951
  • Tu-86: long-range jet bomber project, 1949
  • Tu-87: Tu-86 converted into an engine test bed, 1951
  • Tu-88: initial prototype of the Tu-16, 1952
  • Tu-89 (also known as Tu-14R): prototype reconnaissance variant of the Tu-14, 1951
  • Tu-90: prototype turboprop-powered variant of the Tu-16, 1954
  • Tu-91 “Boot”: prototype naval attack aircraft, 1954
  • Tu-92: initial prototype of the Tu-16R, 1955
  • Tu-93: proposed version of Tu-14T powered by VK-5 or VK-7 engines, 1952
  • Tu-94: prototype turboprop-powered variant of the Tu-4, 1950
  • Tu-95LAL: prototype nuclear-powered aircraft based on the Tu-95M, 1961
  • Tu-96: prototype long-range intercontinental high-altitude strategic bomber variant of the Tu-95, 1956
  • Tu-97: long-range bomber project developed from the Tu-16
  • Tu-98 “Backfin” (also known as Tu-24): prototype swept-wing jet bomber, 1956
  • Tu-99: prototype turbojet version of the Tu-96
  • Tu-100: proposed parasite fighter, 1953
  • Tu-101: assault transport project, 1952
  • Tu-102: 40-seat turboprop airliner project based on the Tu-101, 1952
  • Tu-102: initial designation of the Tu-28
  • Tu-103: supersonic bomber developed from the Tu-97
  • Tu-105: initial prototype of the Tu-22, 1954 ucaklar.org
  • Tu-106: a re-engined Tu-22, 1954
  • Tu-107: prototype military transport variant of the Tu-104, 1958
  • Tu-108: proposed long-range bomber based on Tu-22, 1952
  • Tu-109: long-range supersonic bomber project
  • Tu-110 “Cooker”: prototype long-range airliner developed from the Tu-104, 1957
  • Tu-111: twin-engined, 24-seat turboprop airliner project, 1954
  • Tu-112: proposed supersonic tactical bomber, 1955
  • Tu-114: prototype airliner variant of the Tu-95, entered production
  • Tu-115 (also known as Tu-114VTA): proposed military transport variant of the Tu-114
  • Tu-117: proposed military transport version of the Tu-110
  • Tu-118: proposed four-engined turboprop freighter version of Tu-104
  • Tu-119: prototype nuclear and kerosene powered version of the Tu-95LAL
  • Tu-120: proposed nuclear-powered supersonic bomber
  • Tu-122: supersonic bomber project based on Tu-98, 1957
  • Tu-124: low-altitude bomber project, 1957
  • Tu-125: proposed medium-range supersonic bomber, 1958
  • Tu-127 (I): proposed supersonic tactical bomber, 1958
  • Tu-127 (II): proposed military cargo version of Tu-124
  • Tu-129: supersonic bomber project, 1959
  • Tu-132: proposed low-altitude transonic bomber, 1958
  • Tu-134: SST project developed from the Tu-106, 1960
  • Tu-135 (I): supersonic strategic bomber project, 1958
  • Tu-135 (II): supersonic bomber
  • Tu-136 Zvezda: proposed spaceplane
  • Tu-136 (II): VTOL fighter project, 1963
  • Tu-136 (III): projected short-range turboprop airliner, developed from the Tu-130, 1990s
  • Tu-137: supersonic strategic bomber project
  • Tu-138: proposed long-range supersonic interceptor of the Tu-28
  • Tu-139: hypersonic aircraft project (similar to the X-15)
  • Tu-148: proposed long-range patrol interceptor of the Tu-28
  • Tu-155: a Tu-154 converted into a testbed for alternative fuels, 1988
  • Tu-156 (I): a re-engined Tu-155
  • Tu-156 (II): prototype early warning aircraft based on the Tu-126, 1970
  • Tu-161: strategic bomber project developed from the Tu-160
  • Tu-164: initial designation of the Tu-154M, 1980
  • Tu-170: conventional version of Tu-160
  • Tu-174: proposed lengthened variant of the Tu-154
  • Tu-184 (I): twin-engined short-haul airliner concept
  • Tu-184 (II): three-engined medium-haul airliner project
  • Tu-194 (I): proposed shortened variant of the Tu-154, 1973
  • Tu-194 (II): lengthened version of Tu-184
  • Tu-202: anti-submarine aircraft project
  • Tu-206: a Tu-204 converted into a testbed for alternative fuels
  • Tu-216: a Tu-204 converted into a testbed for cryogenic fuel
  • Tu-230 (also known as Tu-260): hypersonic attack aircraft project, 1983
  • Tu-244: SST concept developed from the Tu-144, 1979
  • Tu-334: a short haul jet airliner concept, 1999
  • Tu-360: hypersonic strategic bomber project, 1980s
  • Tu-444: a supersonic business jet concept, 2003
  • Tu-2000: proposed long-range heavy bomber, 1986

 


Tupolev Diğer Askeri Modeller

  • Tu-14 “Bosun” (also known as the Tu-81) torpedo bomber
  • Tu-16 “Badger” strategic bomber
  • Tu-20/Tu-95 “Bear” long-range strategic bomber and modifications
    • Tu-142 “Bear F/Bear J”, anti-submarine/reconnaissance
  • Tu-22 “Blinder” supersonic medium bomber
  • Tu-22M/Tu-26 “Backfire” supersonic swing-wing long-range/maritime strike bomber
  • Tu-126 “Moss” airborne early warning (AEW) and control aircraft variant of the Tu-114
  • Tu-160 “Blackjack” supersonic swing-wing bomber


Tupolev Önleme Uçağı

  • Tu-28/Tu-128 “Fiddler”


Havayolları, Taşıma Amaçlı Uçaklar

  • Tu-104 “Camel” medium-range airliner developed from the Tu-16
  • Tu-114 Rossiya “Cleat” long-range airliner developed from the Tu-95
  • Tu-116 two Tu-95 bombers fitted with passenger cabins
  • Tu-124 “Cookpot” a short-haul jet airliner developed from the Tu-104
  • Tu-134 “Crusty” a rear-engine evolution of the Tu-124
  • Tu-144 “Charger” a world’s first supersonic airliner; the second one is Concorde

TU-144 VS CONCORDE


  • Tu-154 “Careless” a medium-range narrow-body jet airliner
  • Tu-204 a medium-range narrow-body jet airliner
  • Tu-214 Tu-204-200’s built at a different factory
  • Tu-224 Tu-214 powered by two Rolls-Royce RB211 engines
  • Tu-234 internal designation for the Tu-204-300

Tupolev İnsansız Havaaraçları

  • Tu-113 proposed unmanned flying bomb, 1955
  • Tu-121 unmanned drone prototype, 1959
  • Tu-123 Yastreb-1, 1961
  • Tu-130 “KR” projected unmanned three-stage intercontinental boost-glide missile, 1957
  • Tu-131 unmanned surface-to-air missile interceptor prototype, 1959
  • Tu-133 intercontinental cruise missile based on the Tu-121, 1957
  • Tu-137 Sputnik: unmanned spaceplane project developed from the Tu-136 Zvezda
  • Tu-139 Yastreb-2, reusable version of the Tu-123, 1968
  • Tu-141 Yastreb-P, prototype manned version of the Tu-123
  • Tu-141 Strizh
  • Tu-143 Reis
  • Tu-243 Reis-D, improved version of the Tu-143
  • Tu-300 Korshun, modernized version of the Tu-143, 1995
  • Voron, supersonic reconnaissance drone prototype

Tupolev Planlanan Uçaklar

  • Frigate Ecojet: wide body civil airliner project; initially known as Tu-304
  • PAK DA: next generation strategic bomber
  • Tu-324: a regional airliner concept
  • Tu-330: medium transport aircraft based on the Tu-204/Tu-214
  • Tu-338: internal designation for the Tu-330K
  • Tu-344: a supersonic business jet concept based on the Tu-22M3
  • Tu-404: a long-range extra large flying-wing airliner concept
  • Tu-414: a stretched Tu-324

Tupolev Tekneler

  • ANT-1, speedboat, 1922.
  • ANT-2, the first all-metal boat, 1923.
  • GANT-3 Pervenets, torpedo boat, 1928.
  • ANT-4/Sh-4 Tupolev, 1927.
  • ANT-5/G-5, 1933.

Tupolev Aerosledge

  • A-3 Aerosledge
Tupolev uçaklar

Sivil Uçaklar

  • Tu-104
  • Tu-114
  • Tu-116
  • Tu-124
  • Tu-134
  • Tu-144
  • Tu-154
  • Tu-164
  • Tu-204
  • Tu-214
  • Tu-334
  • Tu-354

Askeri Uçaklar

  • Tu-2
  • Tu-4
  • Tu-10
  • Tu-14
  • Tu-16
  • Tu-20/Tu-95
  • Tu-22
  • Tu-22M/Tu-26
  • Tu-28/Tu-128
  • Tu-81
  • Tu-126
  • Tu-142
  • Tu-160

İnsansız Havaaraçları

  • Tu-121C
  • Tu-123
  • Tu-139
  • Tu-130
  • Tu-131 SAM
  • Tu-141
  • Tu-143
  • Tu-243
  • Tu-300

Deneysel Uçaklar

  • Tu-1
  • Tu-6
  • Tu-8
  • Tu-12
  • Tu-18
  • Tu-70
  • Tu-72
  • Tu-75
  • Tu-77
  • Tu-79
  • Tu-80
  • Tu-82
  • Tu-85
  • Tu-91
  • Tu-94
  • Tu-95LAL
  • Tu-96
  • Tu-98
  • Tu-105
  • Tu-107
  • Tu-110
  • Tu-155
  • Tu-206

Prototip

 

İptal Edilenler

  • ANT-17/TSh-1
  • ANT-18
  • ANT-26/TB-6
  • ANT-28
  • ANT-30/SK-1
  • ANT-53
  • Tu-72 (I)
  • Tu-72 (II)
  • ’73’
  • ’74’
  • ’78’
  • ’79’
  • ’86’
  • ’90’
  • ’93’
  • ‘101’
  • ‘102’
  • Tu-115
  • Tu-117
  • Tu-118
  • Tu-119
  • Tu-125
  • Tu-127
  • Tu-135
  • Tu-138
  • Tu-148
  • Tu-156
  • Tu-161
  • Tu-174
  • Tu-194
  • Tu-206
  • Tu-216
  • Tu-230
  • Tu-244
  • Tu-300
  • Tu-304
  • Tu-324
  • Tu-330
  • Tu-334
  • Tu-338
  • Tu-344
  • Tu-360
  • Tu-404
  • Tu-414
  • Tu-336
  • Tu-444
  • Tu-2000
  • Frigate Ecojet
  • PAK DA
  • Voron

İlk Üretim Uçaklar

  • ANT-1
  • ANT-2
  • ANT-3/R-3
  • ANT-4/TB-1
  • ANT-5/I-4
  • ANT-6/TB-3
  • ANT-7/R-6/KR-6/MR-6
  • ANT-8/MDR-2
  • ANT-9/PS-9
  • ANT-10/R-7
  • ANT-11/MTBT
  • ANT-12/I-5
  • ANT-13/I-8
  • ANT-14
  • ANT-16/TB-4
  • ANT-20/PS-124
  • ANT-21/MI-3
  • ANT-22/MK-1
  • ANT-23/I-12
  • ANT-25/RD
  • ANT-27/MDR-4/MTB-1
  • ANT-29/DIP-1
  • ANT-31/I-14
  • ANT-35/PS-35
  • ANT-36/DB-1
  • ANT-37/DB-2
  • ANT-40/SB/PS-40/PS-41
  • ANT-41/T-1/LK-1
  • ANT-42/TB-7/Pe-8
  • ANT-43
  • ANT-44/MTB-2
  • ANT-46/DI-8
  • ANT-51/BB-1/Su-2
  • ANT-58/FB/Tu-2

 

Yazar: Edt. Nihan Z.

Edt. Nihan Z.

𝐸𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑜𝑟 𝐴𝑖𝑟𝑐𝑟𝑎𝑓𝑡 𝐸𝑛𝑔𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑒𝑟

mail: ucaklarorg@gmail.com
instagram: @ucaklarorg
twitter: @ucaklarorg

4 thoughts on “Tupolev

    froleprotrem

    (7 Mart 2020 - 18:36)

    This is the right blog for anyone who wants to find out about this topic. You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just great!

    vurtil opmer

    (24 Mart 2020 - 11:01)

    I would like to thnkx for the efforts you’ve put in writing this web site. I’m hoping the same high-grade website post from you in the upcoming also. In fact your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own site now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings rapidly. Your write up is a good example of it.

    vurtilopmer

    (11 Nisan 2020 - 16:02)

    Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your blog? My blog is in the exact same area of interest as yours and my users would certainly benefit from some of the information you present here. Please let me know if this alright with you. Many thanks!

    smoretraiolit

    (13 Nisan 2020 - 04:58)

    I do trust all the concepts you have introduced to your post. They are very convincing and will definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for novices. May just you please lengthen them a little from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

Bir cevap yazın

E-posta hesabınız yayımlanmayacak.